What Are

Mood Disorders

While anyone can feel sad or even depressed at any given time, mood disorders tend to be more intense and more difficult to manage.

Mood disorders are likely caused by an imbalance of brain chemicals. Life events such as moving, the end of an important relationship, job transition, or a death in the family can contribute to the onset of a mood disorder. Mood disorders also tend to run in families.

The risk of depression in women is nearly twice as high as it is for men. Once a person in the family has a depression diagnosis, brothers, sisters, or children run a higher risk of receiving the same diagnosis at some point in life. Also, relatives of people with depression are also at increased risk for bipolar disorder.

Types Of

Mood Disorders

Some examples of mood disorders include:

  • Major depressive disorderis characterized by prolonged and persistent periods of extreme sadness.
  • Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression or bipolar affective disorder, is a depression that includes alternating periods of depression, or “lows,” and mania, or “highs.”
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)is a form of depression brought on by the fewer daylight hours in the far northern and southern latitudes from late fall to early spring.
  • Cyclothymic disorderis a disorder that causes emotional ups and downs, but less extreme than bipolar disorder.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorderis characterized by mood changes and irritability that occur during the premenstrual phase of a woman’s cycle and go away with the onset of menses.
  • Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)is a long-term or chronic form of depression.
  • Disruptive mood dysregulation disorderis a disorder of chronic, severe, and persistent irritability in children. This includes frequent temper tantrums that are inconsistent with the child’s developmental age.
  • Depression related to medical illnessoccurs when a person finds themselves in a persistent depressed mood, including the loss of pleasure in most or all activities, that is directly related to the physical effects of another medical condition.
  • Depression induced by substance use or medication.

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“Co-occurring disorders” is a term used to describe when someone with a substance abuse problem also suffers from a mental health issue. These issues include depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), or bi-polar disorder. Many people living with addiction also experience a co-occurring mental health disorder.

Studies suggest that people with mental health disorders are far more likely to abuse substances in order to cope. There are approximately 9 million Americans who abuse alcohol or drugs that have an undiagnosed mental health disorder. Of those 9 million, only about seven percent of these people receive the treatment they need.


A psychiatrist or other mental health professional usually diagnoses a mood disorder after a complete medical history and psychiatric evaluation. For most people, mood disorders can be successfully treated with prescribed medication psychotherapy, also known as “talk” therapy.

JourneyPure Emerald Coast is a premier rehabilitation center located in Panama City Beach that provides integrated, comprehensive care to patients experiencing co-occurring disorders. This Dual Diagnosis Treatment Model provides integrated services to address both the patient’s addiction and his or her mental health disorders at the same time.

Research shows this to be more effective than treating just one problem at a time. When one end of the spectrum is stabilized but the other is not, an imbalance is created, one that can lead to relapse.

We take a comprehensive and holistic approach. We offer experiential therapies, medical intervention, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). This approach has successfully helped prescription drug abusers go on to happy and productive lives.

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