Signs and Symptoms of
People with bipolar disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotion, changes in sleep patterns and activity levels, and unusual behaviors.
These periods are called “episodes” or “mood episodes.” Mood episodes are drastically different from the moods and behaviors that are typical for the person. Extreme changes in energy, activity, and sleep go along with mood episodes.
Even in the most severe cases, bi-polar disorder can be treated. However, no two people have exactly the same kind of bi-polar disorder. There is no “one size fits all” treatment.
Antidepressants are medication that treat bi-polar disorder. They help improve the way the brain engages with certain chemicals to control mood or stress. Antidepressants take time, usually from two to four weeks, to work.
Several types of psychotherapy, or “talk therapy” can help people with bi-polar disorder. Individual therapy, group therapy, and family counseling have all shown significant benefits in treating bi-polar disorder.
Brain stimulation therapies, such as eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), can effectively treat some types of bi-polar disorder. These therapies are usually only employed when medication has failed or the side effects of medication have proven too much to handle.
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TYPES OF BI-POLAR DISORDER
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Effective mental health treatments have been designed to treat the various types of bi-polar disorder, which can often occur among people with a substance abuse problem.
There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.
Bipolar I Disorder. Defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
Bipolar II Disorder. Defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia). Defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders. Defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.
“Co-occurring disorders” is a term used to describe when someone with a substance abuse problem also suffers from a mental health issue. These issues include depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), or bi-polar disorder. Many people living with addiction also experience a co-occurring mental health disorder.
Studies suggest that people with mental health disorders are far more likely to abuse substances in order to cope. There are approximately 9 million Americans who abuse alcohol or drugs that have an undiagnosed mental health disorder. Of those 9 million, only about seven percent of these people receive the treatment they need.
JourneyPure Emerald Coast is a premier rehabilitation center in Panama City Beach that provides integrated, comprehensive care to patients experiencing co-occurring disorders. This Dual Diagnosis Treatment Model provides integrated services to address both the patient’s addiction and his or her mental health disorders at the same time. Research shows this to be more effective than treating just one problem at a time. When one end of the spectrum is stabilized but the other is not, an imbalance is created, one that can lead to relapse.
We take a comprehensive and holistic approach. We offer experiential therapies, medical intervention, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). This approach has successfully helped prescription drug abusers go on to happy and productive lives.